Alternative Dispute Resolution

The ADR program at CCCN connects Children’s Aid Societies with ADR practitioners in the North East Region. When a child protection case qualifies for ADR, the CAS will contact the CCCN ADR manager who will match the case with a qualified professional who accepts cases within that geographical area. CCCN maintains a roster of qualified ADR professionals accepting cases in any part of its catchment area. Those professionals are all accredited or certified through either or both of these bodies: Ontario Association for Family Mediation, George Hull Centre.

In partnership with Nipissing and Parry CAS, North Eastern Ontario Family and Children’s Services, Family, Youth & Child Services of Muskoka, ADR services help families resolve disputes, develop plans of safety and well-being for children and improve the relationship between families and CAS.

What is ADR?

Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) is a strategy to streamline court processes and encourage alternatives to the use of court to resolve child welfare issues such as care and custody. It focuses on a strengths based, inclusive and collaborative approach to resolving child protection disputes, and encourages the involvement and support of the family, extended family, and the community, in planning and decision-making for children.

The Child and Family Services Act R.S.O. 1990, CHAPTER C.11 identifies the following occasions where a prescribed method of ADR must be considered and/or may be used:

  • If a child is or may be in need of protection, a children’s aid society must consider whether a prescribed method of ADR could assist in resolving any issue related to the child or a plan for the child’s care (section 20.2 (1)0.
  • The court, at any time during a proceeding, and with the consent of the parties, may adjourn the proceeding to permit the parties to utilize a prescribed method of ADR to attempt to resolve the issues in dispute (section 51.1).
  • On applications to vary or terminate an openness order before or after an adoption, the court may, with the consent of the parties, adjourn the proceeding to permit the parties to utilize a prescribed method of ADR to attempt to resolve any disputes related to the proceeding (sections 145.2(7) and 153.1 (10)).


a) Family Group Decision Making (FGDM)

A process that brings together the family (including the child where appropriate), the child’s extended family and community, child protection workers, and service providers to develop a safety plan that addresses the protection concerns identified. A trained and impartial coordinator, with no decision making power, assists the participants throughout the process. An integral component of FGDM is providing the extended family group with an opportunity to meet privately, independent of professionals, to develop the plan.

b) Child Protection Mediation(CPMed)

A process where child protection workers, family and any other person wishing to participate in a plan for the child, work together with the aid of a trained and impartial child protection mediator who has no decision making power. The mediator assists the participants in reaching an agreement on the issues in dispute, in generating options for resolving their dispute and in developing a mutually acceptable plan that addresses the protection concerns identified.

c) Aboriginal Approaches

Traditional methods of dispute resolution, including circle processes, have been established by First Nations communities or Aboriginal organizations. Impartial facilitators who have no decision-making power and who are skilled in First Nation traditional methods assist the participants in developing a plan that is supported by the participants and/or the First Nation community and addresses the protection concerns identified.


  • It supports families and allows them to have an active and vital role in planning.
  • It respects and values the voices of all parties.
  • It is voluntary.
  • It is often faster and less complex than court.
  • It is assisted by an impartial third party.
  • It helps to preserve and improve communication and relationships.
  • It is confidential.


  • Family Group Decision Making
  • Child Protection Mediation
  • Aboriginal Approaches


To make a referral to ADR, please contact contact Tammy Geisler at 705-472-6515 extension 258.

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